In Essential Hypertension, there is no clear cause but there are known risk factor which can contribute to hypertension, these factors can affect blood pressure, including:
- How much water and salt you have in your body
- The condition of your kidneys, nervous system, or blood vessels
- The levels of different body hormones
Blood pressure also increases as people get older, blood vessels become less compliant (less distensible) because elastin . High blood pressure increases your chance of having a stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, and early death.
Factors that contribute to an increased risk in hypertension are:
- African Americans
- Excess salt consumption
- Have a family history of high blood pressure
If hypertention is a result of such conditions as kiney failure or heart conditions it maybe Secondary hypertention.